Egyptian Pyramids: History and Facts
Most people can recognize the Pyramids of Egypt, which are massive, impressive structures built hundreds of centuries ago in the middle of nowhere. The pyramids, especially the Great Pyramids at Giza, were constructed when Egypt was the world’s richest and most powerful civilization. The pyramids’ immense size reflects the unique role of the King or pharaoh in ancient Egyptian society. The pyramids shape as if they represent the shining sun’s beams. It’s beautiful from afar, primarily because of the white limestone used in its construction.
History Of Pyramids
Ancient ancestors raised Egyptian pyramids when Egypt was wealthy and had a rapid rate of learning. Although some pyramids in Egypt are older than 4,000 years old, their beauty has not diminished over time. In the fourth century A.D Pyramids were constructed from the Old Kingdom’s beginning to the end of the Ptolemaic period.
The pyramid building peaked with the third dynasty and continued through the sixth (c. 2325 B.C.). The Egyptian pyramids, which date back more than 4,000 years, still maintain much of their grandeur, giving a glimpse into Egypt’s rich, glorious past.
The Early Pyramids
The Dynastic Era began in 2950 B.C. Royal tombs were carved in rock and covered with rectangular, flat-roofed structures called “mastabas,” precursors of the pyramids. Around 2630 B.C. They constructed Egypt’s oldest pyramid. Saqqara, home to the third dynasty’s King Djoser. It is also known as the Step Pyramid. It started as a traditional mastaba, but it grew to be something far more ambitious.
According to legend, Imhotep was the pyramid’s architect. He was a priest and healer, who would become the patron saint for scribes, and physicians, some 1,400 years later. Six stepped layers of stone were built by pyramid builders over the 20-year Djoser reign. It was taller than any other building, reaching nearly 204 feet (62 metres). Djoser could spend his final days in paradise, surrounded by a series of courtyards, temples, and shrines.
Great Pyramids of Giza
The Great Pyramids of Giza are the most famous. They are on a plateau at the west bank of the Nile River on the outskirts of Cairo. The Great Pyramid is the oldest and largest of the Giza pyramids. It is the last remaining structure of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Pharaoh Khufu, the successor to Sneferu and the second of eight kings in the fourth dynasty, constructed it. Khufu ruled for 23 years (2589-2566 B.C. Although Khufu ruled for 23 years (2589-2566 B.C.), little else is about his reign besides the splendour of his pyramid. Its original height was 481.4ft (147m), and the sides of the pyramid’s foundation average 755.75ft (230 meters). It is the world’s largest pyramid.
The Great Pyramid is surrounded by three small pyramids, one for each of Khufu’s queens, and nearby was a tomb containing the empty sarcophagus of his mother, Queen Hetepheres. Khufu’s pyramid is like other pyramids. It surrounds itself with rows of mastabas where they are buried with relatives and officials of the King. It was to support him in his afterlife.
The middle pyramid of the Giza edifice was for Pharaoh Khafre’s son Khufu (2558-2532 B.C.). The Pyramid of Khafre, which is second in height at Giza, contains the tomb of Pharaoh Khafre. The Great Sphinx was a unique feature within Khafre’s pyramid compound. It is a limestone guardian statue with the head and body of a man and a lion and is measured 240 feet in length and 66 feet in height.
The 18th dynasty (c. 1550 B.C. The Great Sphinx gets worshipped as a local version of Horus during the 18th dynasty (c. 1500 B.C.). Khafre’s son Menkaure built the southernmost pyramid of Giza (2532-2503 B.C.). It is the shortest pyramid (218 feet) and a precursor to the smaller pyramids constructed during the fifth and sixth Dynasties.
● Random facts to know – Before the Lincoln Cathedral in England in 1311, the Great Pyramid of Giza was the highest known building. Some pyramids did not have a pointed triangular roof, and some pyramids were flat at their top. Surprisingly the Pyramid of Djoser has a flat top. The Pyramid of Cheops is both the largest and oldest.
● The Great Sphinx at Giza – It is a massive statue that looks like a half-man, half-lion and protects the Giza Pyramid. It insinuates that Khafre was the face used to create the sculpture.
● About the Pyramid makers – Legend has it that slaves built these incredible structures during slavery. This rumour has been proved false. According to history, workers who were not wealthy made these pyramids. Herodotus, a historian of Greek origin, was the one who spread the myth that slaves built the pyramids. It would have been nearly impossible to delegate these duties to slaves considering that the pyramids were created as a place of rest for Egyptian Pharaohs.
● Pyramids age – They are now 4500 years old. The pyramids are one of the most well-known relics of the Egyptian pharaohs. However, these tombs were not constructed throughout the entire history of ancient Egypt. The first structure known as the Step Pyramid at Djoser was constructed around 2630 BC. Most of the larger systems, such as the Giza pyramids and the Great Pyramid, were completed shortly afterwards. The Great Pyramid was built in 2530 BC. Construction activity ceased after constructing some initial pyramids around 2200 BC, marking the sixth dynasty’s end. Construction was resumed from 2000 to 1700 BC, though the results were much less impressive than those of the previous dynasties.
● The First Builder – Imhotep was the first to be identified as an architect of the ancient Egyptian pyramids. He was a veteran engineer and physician, as well as a polymath. Imhotep is considered the chief builder and designer of the Step Pyramid at Djoser. It is believed that over 100,000 people participated in the construction of the pyramids in Giza.
● The Missing Nose – Many conspiracy theories and speculations have been made about the missing nose of the Great Sphinx. It is possible to believe that the nose was stolen during Napoleon’s visit to Egypt or during one of the World Wars. These events occurred many years after the first sketches of the Great Sphinx with no nose were made in the 1730s. Although there is no evidence to support the absence of a nose, Sa’im al-Dahr (an Islamic cleric) vandalized the statue and was punished for this. It is still unknown what caused the broken nose.
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